Foods that provide essential fatty acids, including healthy omega-3, omega-6, and omega-9 fatty acids also have anti-inflammatory properties. These can be found in nuts and seeds, such as sesame seeds and hemp seeds. Plus flaxseeds and walnuts happen to be excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids.
You may be surprised to find potent anti-inflammatories in your spice cabinet, including turmeric and ginger, both potent anti-inflammatory spices used to treat diseases in Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine since antiquity. Fresh, crushed, and warmed ginger placed directly over the inflamed area and wrapped in plastic is extremely effective in reducing swelling (as directed for my knee by a doctor of Chinese Medicine).
Arnica is a natural anti-inflammatory that is applied topically and not ingested. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, Arnica is a perennial with yellow-orange flowers similar to daisies. The fresh or dried flower heads are used in medicinal preparations, typically topical creams or ointments that are used to reduce inflammation, reduce muscle aches, and heal wounds.
Boswellia serrate is an Ayurvedic herb that can be taken in supplement form or topically as an oil extract. Boswellia serrate appears to be used for inflammation associated with chronic diseases rather than injury.